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Al-Qur'an Surah Al-Muzzammil Verse 7

Al-Muzzammil [73]: 7 ~ English Qur'an Word By Word and Multi Tafseer

اِنَّ لَكَ فِى النَّهَارِ سَبْحًا طَوِيْلًاۗ (المزمل : ٧٣)

for you
the day
(is) occupation


Inna laka fin nahaari sabhan taweelaa (QS. al-Muzzammil:7)

English / Sahih Translation:

Indeed, for you by day is prolonged occupation. (QS. Al-Muzzammil, ayah 7)

Mufti Taqi Usmani

Surely, in daytime, you have a lengthy work to do.

Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

For during the day you are over-occupied ˹with worldly duties˺.

Ruwwad Translation Center

In daytime, you have plenty of time for your worldly matters.

A. J. Arberry

surely in the day thou hast long business.

Abdul Haleem

you are kept busy for long periods of the day––

Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Verily there is for thee by day occupation prolonged.

Abdullah Yusuf Ali

True, there is for thee by day prolonged occupation with ordinary duties;

Abul Ala Maududi

You are indeed much occupied during the day with the affairs of the world.

Ahmed Ali

Indeed during the day you have a long schedule of occupations.

Ahmed Raza Khan

Indeed you have a lot of matters during the day.

Ali Quli Qarai

for indeed during the day you have drawn-out engagements.

Ali Ünal

For by day you have extended preoccupations.

Amatul Rahman Omar

Indeed, you have a long (chain of) engagements during the day.

English Literal

That truly for you in the daytime (is) long tending to the livelihood/sleeping and resting .

Faridul Haque

Indeed you have a lot of matters during the day.

Hamid S. Aziz

Surely you have in the daytime a long occupation (with ordinary affairs of life).

Hilali & Khan

Verily, there is for you by day prolonged occupation with ordinary duties,

Maulana Mohammad Ali

The Lord of the East and the West -- there is no God but He -- so take Him for Protector.

Mohammad Habib Shakir

Surely you have in the day time a long occupation.

Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

Lo! thou hast by day a chain of business.

Muhammad Sarwar

During the day, you are preoccupied with many activities.

Qaribullah & Darwish

You have by day prolonged occupations.

Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Verily, for you in the day is lengthy Sabh.

Wahiduddin Khan

You have by day prolonged occupations [with Dawah work].

Talal Itani

In the daytime, you have lengthy work to do.

Tafsir jalalayn

[For] assuredly during the day you have extended engagements, administering your affairs, and you do not have the time to recite Qur'n.

Tafseer Ibn Kathir

Verily, for you in the day is lengthy Sabh.

Ibn `Abbas, `Ikrimah and "Ata' bin Abi Muslim, all said,

"Leisure time and sleep."

Abu Al-`Aliyah, Mujahid, Abu Malik, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Sufyan Ath-Thawri, all said,

"A long amount of leisure time."

Qatadah said, "Leisure, aspirations and activities."

Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said concerning the statement,
إِنَّ لَكَ فِي اَلنَّهَارِ سَبْحًا طَوِيلً
(Verily, for you in the day is lengthy Sabh).

"This means for your needs. Therefore, leave the night open for your religious devotion. Allah said this when the (voluntary) night prayer was obligatory. Then, Allah blessed His servants, lightened the matter and removed its obligation."

Then he recited,

قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلً
Stand (to pray) all night, except a little, to the end of the Ayah,

then he recited,

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ تَقُومُ أَدْنَى مِن ثُلُثَىِ الَّيْلِ وَنِصْفَهُ
Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand less than two- thirds of the night, or half of it. until he reached,
مَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنْهُ وَأَقِيمُواْ
So recite of it what is easy. (73;20)

and Allah says,

وَمِنَ الَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَى أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَاماً مَّحْمُودًا

And Tahajjud in some parts of the night (also offer the Salah with it), as an additional prayer for you. It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud. (17;79)

In fact, this is as true as what he (Abdur-Rahman) said. The proof for this view is what Imam Ahmad recorded in his Musnad, that

Sa`id bin Hisham divorced his wife and then traveled to Al-Madinah in order to sell some property he had with her. He intended to use its money to buy an animal and a weapon and then go for Jihad against the Romans and fight until he got success or died.

In the process of this he met a group of his (tribe) people and disclosed to them his intention.

They informed him that that in the time of the Messenger of Allah a group of six men from his people had intended in a similar way, upon which he (the prophet) said,

أَلَيْسَ لَكُمْ فِيَّ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ

Is there not for you all an excellent example in me?

So he forbade them from that and made them testify that they would take their wives back.

After hearing this Hadith, Sa`id bin Hisham changed his mind and referred back with his wife.

Then he (Sa`id) returned to us and informed us that he went to Ibn `Abbas and asked him about the Witr (prayer).

Ibn `Abbas said, "Shall I not inform you of the person who is the most knowledgeable person on the earth about the Witr prayer of the Messenger of Allah "

He said, "Yes."

Ibn `Abbas then said, "Go to `A'ishah and ask her, then return to me and inform me of what she tells you."

He said, "Then I went to Hakim bin Aflah and requested him to go with me to her. But he said, `I do not want to be near her. Verily, I forbade her from saying anything concerning these two parties (the parties of `Ali and Mu`awiyah), but she refused and continued being involved with them (in their conflict).' So I adjured him by Allah, so he came with me and we entered upon her (in her house)."

So she said, "Is this the Hakim that I know"

He (Hakim) said, "Yes."

Then she said, "Who is this that is with you"

He said, "Sa`id bin Hisham."

She said, "Who is Hisham"

He said, "He is Ibn `Amir."

She then asked Allah to have mercy upon him (`Amir). Then she said, "Yes, `Amir was a true man."

Then I (Sa`id) said, "O Mother of the believers! Inform me about the character of the Messenger of Allah."

She replied, "Have you not read the Qur'an?"

I said, "Of course."

Then she said,

"Verily, the character of the Messenger of Allah was the Qur'an."

I was about to stand and leave, but then I remembered to ask about the night prayer of the Messenger of Allah. I said, "O Mother of the believers! Inform me about the night prayer of the Messenger of Allah."

She said, "Have you not read the Surah,
يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ
(O you wrapped up).

I said, "Of course."

She then said,

"Verily, Allah made standing at night (for prayer) obligatory at the beginning of this Surah. So the Messenger of Allah and his Companions stood for an entire year during the night (in prayer) until their feet swelled. Allah held back the revelation of the end of this Surah for twelve months. Then, Allah revealed the lightening of this burden at the end of this Surah. Then, the standing for night prayer became voluntary after it used to be obligatory."

I was about to leave when I remembered to ask her about the Witr prayer of the Messenger of Allah. So I said, "O Mother of the believers! Inform me about the Witr prayer of the Messenger of Allah."

She said,

"We used to prepare his Siwak (tooth stick) for him and his ablution water, and Allah would awaken him whenever He wished to awaken him during the night.

Then, he would clean his teeth with the Siwak and perform ablution.

Then, he would pray eight (Rak`ahs) units of prayer and he would not sit during them except at the end of the eighth one. At this point he would sit and remember his Lord the Most High, and supplicate to Him.

Afterwards he would stand without saying the greeting of peace (Taslim). He would then pray a ninth unit of prayer and then sit. He would remember Allah Alone and then supplicate to Him (during this sitting). Then, he would say the greetings of peace (to conclude the prayer) making it audible to us.

Then, he would pray two more units of prayer after this salutation of peace, while he would be sitting. So these are eleven units of prayer, O my son.

Then, when he became older and heavier, he would perform Witr prayer with seven units of prayer, and then he would pray two extra units of prayer after them while sitting after the salutation of peace. So these are nine units of prayer, O my son.

Whenever the Messenger of Allah used to pray a particular prayer, he liked to remain consistent in its performance. If he would ever be preoccupied from performing the night prayer by oversleeping, pain or illness, he would pray twelve units of supererogatory prayer during the day.

I do not know of Allah's Prophet ever reciting the entire Qur'an in one night before morning nor did he fast an entire month other than the month of Ramadan."

So I went to Ibn `Abbas and told him what she had said.

Ibn `Abbas then said,

"She has spoken truthfully and if I had went to her house I would have remained until she spoke directly to me and I could see her lips moving."

This is how Imam Ahmad recorded this narration in its entirety.

Muslim also recorded similarly in his Sahih.

Ibn Jarir recorded from Abu Abdur-Rahman that he said,

"When the Ayah
يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ
O you wrapped. (73;1) was revealed, the people stood in night prayer for an entire year until their feet and shins swelled. This continued until Allah revealed,
مَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنْهُ
So recite of it what is easy. (73;20).

Then the people relaxed."

Al-Hasan Al-Basri and As-Suddi both said the same.

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said concerning Allah's statement,

قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلً

نِصْفَهُ أَوِ انقُصْ مِنْهُ قَلِيلً

Stand (to pray) all night, except a little. Half of it or less than that, a little. (73;2,3)

"This became difficult on the believers. Then Allah lightened the matter for them and had mercy on them when He revealed after this,

أَن سَيَكُونُ مِنكُم مَّرْضَى وَاخَرُونَ يَضْرِبُونَ فِي الاَْرْضِ

يَبْتَغُونَ مِن فَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَاخَرُونَِ

He knows that there will be some among you sick, others traveling through the land, seeking of Allah's bounty. until Allah says,
مَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنْهُ
So, recite you of the Qur'an as much as may be easy for you. (73;20)

So Allah made the matter easy - and unto Him is due all praise - and he did not make matters difficult."

Then Allah says,

وَاذْكُرِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ وَتَبَتَّلْ إِلَيْهِ تَبْتِيلًا